I John 5:7

7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.

Much confusion and controversy has been generated over this issue, with many Jews, Muslims and others claiming that Christians worship three Gods instead of the One true God. Can God be manifested in more than one person? Is the Trinity concept Scriptural? The following study will examine the issue, building the answer one step at a time, and will allow you, the reader decide for yourself concerning the issue.

Deuteronomy 6:4

4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God [is] one LORD:

Every Jew is familiar with this statement of faith from Moses, called the great Shema. However, it is interesting to note that the word used as "one" (echad) in the passage, is a compound unity word. In other words it means several, but having one consistency. A good usage of the term would be if people shouted with one (echad) voice. Several people, yet a singular unity.

Genesis 1:26

26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

In this passage, God creates Man, but strangely uses the plural form "us" in His speech. To whom was He speaking? God is the only Creator, and everything that is not God was created by Him. Therefore He could not have been talking to angels, as they cannot create, being created beings themselves. The term "us" indicates equality, therefore God spoke to someone whom He considers as equal to Himself.

Much controversy has been generated over the concept of God taking on human form, with the main argument being that God, as a Spirit, cannot take on flesh. However there are Scriptures that argue against this fact. As the Scriptures record concerning Abraham;

Genesis 18:1-33

1 And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:

4 Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.

6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead [it], and make cakes upon the hearth.

7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave [it] unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.

8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set [it] before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

9 And they said unto him, Where [is] Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent.

10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard [it] in the tent door, which [was] behind him.

11 Now Abraham and Sarah [were] old [and] well stricken in age; [and] it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.

12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?

13 And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?

14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.

15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh.

16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.

17 And the LORD said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;

18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?

19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.

20 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

22 And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the LORD.

23 And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

24 Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that [are] therein?

25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

26 And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.

27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which [am but] dust and ashes:

28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for [lack of] five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy [it].

29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do [it] for forty's sake.

30 And he said [unto him], Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do [it], if I find thirty there.

31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy [it] for twenty's sake.

32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy [it] for ten's sake.

33 And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.

In this famous passage, three men appeared to Abraham as he sat in the entrance of his tent in the hot afternoon. Abraham, sensing that these were no ordinary visitors, immediately made provisions for their comfort, offering water to wash and cool their feet, and bread, butter and meat for them to eat. All three ate of the provisions.

First of all, this indicates that the visitors had taken on human form. They washed their feet, and sat under the shade of a nearby tree. Abraham also offered food, which they could eat. One of the visitors was the Lord, and as later passages show, the other two men were angels.

Later, the angels left to visit Sodom, but the Lord remained behind to speak with Abraham. Abraham bargained with God for the lives of the men of the city, begging God to spare the city if there were ten righteous men within it. God agreed and went His way, as did Abraham.

I find it also fascinating that Abraham didn't think it odd that God should appear in human form. He apparently took it as fact that God could do so if He wished. And note also that God didn't appear in fire, or glory, but seemed in appearance as an ordinary person, as attested by verse two, which states that three men stood beside him (Abraham). This does in no way detract from the glory, majesty and power of the Lord, but shows that He can appear in any form He wishes.

In the next passage, Joshua is about to take the Canaanite city Jericho by marching about it as the Lord had commanded. But before he does, Scripture records the following;

Joshua 5:13-15

13 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, [Art] thou for us, or for our adversaries?

14 And he said, Nay; but [as] captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant?

15 And the captain of the LORD'S host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest [is] holy. And Joshua did so.

Many think this was an angel sent by the Lord to Joshua, but if the passage is read carefully, Joshua falls on his face in worship of the visitor. Angels being created beings are not worthy of worship. Exodus 20:3 clearly states this principle.


3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

Therefore Joshua worshiped the Lord, who had appeared to him in human form. The fact that the visitor told him that he was standing on holy ground indicates that it was God who was speaking to him. An angel cannot be worshiped in the place of God, as that would violate the verse quoted above.

Now comes a point of great interest! Note that the visitor proclaims Himself as "captain of the host of the LORD am I now come." This being is obviously God, yet calls Himself " the captain of the Lord's host". This would seem to indicate that God is the captain of His own host, but he states that He is the captain of the Lord's host, referring to a person other than Himself!

Before you accuse me of blasphemy and stop here, please, bear with me and read everything I have written here!!!! Then you can make your decision.

Isaiah 7:10-14

10 Moreover the LORD spake again unto Ahaz, saying,

11 Ask thee a sign of the LORD thy God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above.

12 But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt the LORD.

13 And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David; [Is it] a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my God also?

14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

In this passage, the coming of the Messiah is again expressed by the Lord. But note a curious thing. The Lord, speaking to Ahaz asks if the house of David will "weary my God also?" To whom was the Lord speaking, when He said, "My God"?

It was not king Ahaz of Judah who spoke this passage, as Scripture records that Ahaz walked in all of the sins of his father Jotham, sacrificing his son by "passing him through the fire" (throwing the infant alive into a fire built in honor of the demon god Molech), worshiping idols and sending the treasures of the Lord's house to the king of Assyria to enlist his help in breaking a siege set against him by the kings of Israel and Syria, rather than relying on the Lord to deliver him.

Therefore the Lord was referring to someone greater than Himself, when He used the statement "my God."

2 Samuel 7:8-17

8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:

9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great [men] that [are] in the earth.

10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,

11 And as since the time that I commanded judges [to be] over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.

12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.

13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.

14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took [it] from Saul, whom I put away before thee.

16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.

In this great passage of Scripture, God speaks to David the king that one of his descendants would inherit his throne, and would rule from it forever. Again, this refers to the coming of the Messiah King who would be a descendant of David, and would be King over Israel forever.

However, there is not a throne in Israel at this time, neither is Israel a kingdom as it was. Please bear with me and hold this thought, as I will address this issue again later.

Isaiah 9:6-7

6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

7 Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

Note that Isaiah describes that a "child is born", "a son is given". This speaks of the birth of a Ruler who would be called "The mighty God", "The everlasting Father", "The Prince of Peace", titles used in reference to God Himself. And again, He will rule from David's throne forever.

Note also that God told Nathan the prophet in his vision for David, that the promised descendant would have God as His Father, and that He would be God's Son. God has not spoken of ANYONE being His Son to ANYONE who lived during the time of the Old Covenant. Therefore He was referring to One yet to come, for only One who is equal with God could be called His Son.

Note also that this Son would be "born", showing that he would come from the seed of the woman, as God prophesied to Satan who had entered the serpent in the Garden of Eden when He said;

Genesis 3:13-15

13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What [is] this [that] thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou [art] cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:

15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Therefore, The Son of God would be born of a woman in the normal manner of birth, but with one important exception! He would have a human mother, but God would be His Father!

Isaiah 11:1-10

1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:

2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;

3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:

4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.

5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.

6 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.

7 And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.

8 And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den.

9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.

10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

Here the duties of the Messiah, the Son of God are expounded upon. Again, it is stated that he will come from the line of David, and He will rule over the Earth. The Gentiles will seek Him, and peace will reign over the entire Earth. As this has yet to happen, this is prophecy of a future event. This also reinforces the verses in Isaiah 9:6-7 above, as lions are still carnivorous creatures, and asps and cockatrice adders are still poisonous.

Isaiah 44:6-8

6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I [am] the first, and I [am] the last; and beside me [there is] no God.

7 And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.

8 Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared [it]? ye [are] even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, [there is] no God; I know not [any].

Read verse 6 carefully. Thus saith "the Lord, the King of Israel, and his redeemer the Lord of hosts...." Here God is referring to Himself as God in the singular, and yet speaks of His redeemer, the Lord of Hosts! A seeming contradiction! This is obviously someone of equal stature with God, and yet referred to as a separate person!

Psalms 45:1-7

1 My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue [is] the pen of a ready writer.

2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.

3 Gird thy sword upon [thy] thigh, O [most] mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.

4 And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.

5 Thine arrows [are] sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; [whereby] the people fall under thee.

6 Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre.

7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

This is a fascinating portion of Scripture from Psalms. While it seems to refer to an earthly king, there is a curious section in which it is known that God is again speaking to someone of apparently equal stature to Himself. He says;

Psalms 45:6-7

6 Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre.

7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Note that God is calling the king "God" while claiming Himself to be the God of the king! This seems to be a contradiction, unless God is speaking to someone equal to Himself.... as in a Son who is equal with God, but less in stature as would an earthly prince be equal in authority to his father the king, but is slightly less in stature because he is a prince?

This seems to fit well with the idea of the Lord, and His redeemer the Lord of Hosts as quoted in Isaiah 44:6 above. It would also explain the verses quoted from Psalms above, in which God speaks to another as "God", yet calls Himself "God, thy God".

Note also that in verse 2, the writer states that God has blessed this king forever. This refers to an eternal blessing upon an individual who must in turn be eternal to receive such a blessing. Again, there seems to be a person whom God considers as equal with Himself in Heaven.

Another Psalm reinforces this point.

Psalms 110:1-7

1 The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

2 The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

3 Thy people [shall be] willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.

4 The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.

6 He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill [the places] with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.

7 He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.

Here God is inviting someone to sit at His right hand until his enemies are destroyed. Who is equal with God to sit at His right hand? Note carefully the wording in verse 1.

Psalms 110:1

1 The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

To whom is the Lord speaking? Obviously of someone that David calls "Lord" in the passage, referring to someone that David understood as greater than himself.

Therefore the Lord is speaking of someone equal to Himself, who is to sit at His right hand until the Lord (God) destroys His enemies.

Ok, so far we have proven from Scripture that God is one. We have also proven that He can take on the form of a man if He wishes, and numerous times He speaks of someone other than Himself as being equal to Himself.

That, combined with the meaning of the word "echad" indicates that God may indeed manifest Himself in more than one being.

Remember, Scripture records that there would be a Son born, who would have God as His Father, and that God has told Him to sit at His right hand, until His enemies were made His footstool. And Isaiah states that this Son would be called "The Mighty God", the "Everlasting Father", the "Prince of Peace."

The Christians believe that Yeshua ben Joseph is the promised Messiah, the promised Son of God, who was sent to the people of Israel to save them from their sins as prophesied. They in turn rejected Him, and called for Him to be crucified.

The Christians also believe that on the third day He arose from the dead, having paid for the sins of the world, and now sits enthroned in Heaven at the right hand of the God the Father.

Is there any support for these ideas in the Old Covenant?

Isaiah 49:1-6

1 Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.

2 And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me;

3 And said unto me, Thou [art] my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.

4 Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: [yet] surely my judgment [is] with the LORD, and my work with my God.

5 And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb [to be] his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.

6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.

The above verses may seem to refer to the nation of Israel, with the exception of the fact that in verse 5, the speaker states that the Lord has formed him to bring Israel back to God. Therefore the Lord is speaking of a specific person who would be born to do that very thing. And as Isaiah 9:6-7 stated, a son would be born who would be the Son of God, the Messiah.

The speaker also says that though Israel is not yet gathered, yet will he be glorious in the Lord's eyes. This refers to a future gathering of Israel, for he says in verse 4 that he has seems to have labored in vain in the work that the Lord has sent him to do, referring to His rejection by the people of His time. Note also that the speaker says that he will be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and that His God will be His strength.

And as history shows, in 70 A.D., Judea was destroyed by the Roman Tenth and Thirteenth Legions and the people were either slaughtered, or scattered to the ends of the Earth for 1,878 years. And even now, there are still Jews living abroad, so Israel has not yet been gathered, although the State of Israel presently exists.

Scripture speaks many times of man being humble and as dust before the eyes of the Lord, and yet this speaker has no problem with saying that he will be glorified in the Lord's sight.

Finally, in verse 6, God says that the speaker will be a light unto the Gentiles, and will be the author of salvation for the entire Earth.

Remember in Isaiah 11:10 quoted previously, the Gentiles would seek the Messiah for salvation, so the person being spoken of prophetically must be the Messiah.

We have established from Scripture that the Messiah would be the Son of God, born of a woman, and having God as His Father. This person is spoken of as being equal with God in God's sight, and is worthy to sit at His right hand in Heaven.

This fits perfectly with the previously stated interpretation of the Hebrew word "echad", as a compound singular concept. For if the Son is equal with the Father, then God is manifest in two persons, united in one purpose.

Therefore we have God the Father, and God the Son, both equal to be called God, but the Son being subject to the Father, as a son would be subject to his father here on Earth.

The concept of the Christians believing that Yeshua ben Joseph was the promised Messiah has been a source of bitterness to many Jews, because some of these "Christians" have persecuted the Jews for centuries, because they have not followed the teachings of the One they claim as their Savior. We'll deal with that in a later study.

The concept that Yeshua ben Joseph is the promised Messiah has been a stumbling block to the Jewish people for several reasons. One, they expect the Messiah to come in glory to restore the kingdom to Israel. Secondly, they cannot believe that the Messiah came as a man. And lastly, they are accused of killing the Messiah who was sent to them by those who speak in ignorance, spite and hatred, using that excuse to justify their bestial behavior.

Let's examine each of these points in turn.

First, God predicted that the Messiah would be a stumbling block to all of Israel.

Isaiah 8:13-15

13 Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and [let] him [be] your fear, and [let] him [be] your dread.

14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

15 And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.

Note that God says that He would be a stumbling block to both the houses of Israel. As history shows, the Northern Kingdom of Israel ceased to be a nation after being destroyed and it's people transported to Assyria in 723 B.C.

Babylonian general Nebuchadnezzar, son of king Nabopolassar of Babylon later destroyed Nineveh, the capital city of the Assyrians in 612 B.C. Later, as king of Babylon himself he attacked and destroyed Judah as a nation in 586 B.C. and deported the people as captives to Babylon for 70 years as prophesied by Jeremiah;

Jeremiah 25:1-13

1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that [was] the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon;

2 The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying,

3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that [is] the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.

4 And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending [them]; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.

5 They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever:

6 And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt.

7 Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.

8 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words,

9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.

10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.

11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, [and] an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, [that] I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.

13 And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, [even] all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations.

No doubt when the Jews deported to Babylon arrived, they were met by remnant of the 10 tribes of Israel who had been deported to Assyria. When Nebuchadnezzar conquered Assyria, the concept of the time was to deport the craftsmen, artisans, etc. to the conqueror's country, to enrich their culture.

So, the when the deported Jews of Judah arrived in Babylon they would have been met by the remnant of Israel who were already there. And when the Jews returned from Babylon after the 70 years captivity, no doubt some of the Jews from remnant of Israel returned with them.

The book of Ezra states that after the return of the Jews to Jerusalem, they rebuilt the Temple, and;

Ezra 6:16-18

16 And the children of Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the rest of the children of the captivity, kept the dedication of this house of God with joy,

17 And offered at the dedication of this house of God an hundred bullocks, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs; and for a sin offering for all Israel, twelve he goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel.

18 And they set the priests in their divisions, and the Levites in their courses, for the service of God, which [is] at Jerusalem; as it is written in the book of Moses.

Why would they sacrifice for all 12 tribes, if some of the remnant of the remnant of the destroyed northern kingdom of Israel had not returned with them?

God also prophesied that Judah and Israel would become one people again, when he told the prophet Ezekiel;

Ezekiel 37:1-28

1 The hand of the LORD was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley which [was] full of bones,

2 And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, [there were] very many in the open valley; and, lo, [they were] very dry.

3 And he said unto me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord GOD, thou knowest.

4 Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the LORD.

5 Thus saith the Lord GOD unto these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live:

6 And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD.

7 So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone.

8 And when I beheld, lo, the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above: but [there was] no breath in them.

9 Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.

10 So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.

11 Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts.

12 Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel.

13 And ye shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves,

14 And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken [it], and performed [it], saith the LORD.

15 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,

16 Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and [for] all the house of Israel his companions:

17 And join them one to another into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand.

18 And when the children of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying, Wilt thou not shew us what thou [meanest] by these?

19 Say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which [is] in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, [even] with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand.

20 And the sticks whereon thou writest shall be in thine hand before their eyes.

21 And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land:

22 And I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all:

23 Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwellingplaces, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God.

24 And David my servant [shall be] king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.

25 And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, [even] they, and their children, and their children's children for ever: and my servant David [shall be] their prince for ever.

26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore.

27 My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

28 And the heathen shall know that I the LORD do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore.

Note carefully verses 15-21. God states that Israel and Judah would once again be one people, and would never again be divided.

Now, considering that the Romans destroyed all of the genealogical records with the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple, no Jew now knows what tribe they are from. Yet they are gathered in Israel after 1,878 years, and are again called by the name of Israel.

This prophecy of Ezekiel foresaw the great scattering and seeming final doom of the Jews after the destruction of the Temple and the nation of Judea in 70 A.D., in which it seemed that the Jews were finished as a people.

And yet as God prophesied through him, the nation of Israel would again be resurrected, and it's people gathered on the mountains of Israel, as it is today.

That being established, the prophecy of the sticks has been fulfilled, as Jews are being re-gathered from the ends of the Earth, and are gathered in Israel as one people, Judah walking with Israel, and vice versa.

Daniel the prophet was given a time line for events that would unfold after his lifetime, in periods of seven years, referred to as "weeks". He had understood that the prophesied 70 year captivity in Babylon was coming to an end, and had been praying for God to remember His promise to restore his nation. As he prayed, an angel appeared to him, and gave him a prophecy concerning the future of Israel. Note especially that Daniel didn't pray for Judah, he prayed for his people Israel. One stick, one people.

As he was told;

Daniel 9:20-27

20 And whiles I [was] speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God;

21 Yea, whiles I [was] speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation.

22 And he informed [me], and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding.

23 At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew [thee]; for thou [art] greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.

24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

25 Know therefore and understand, [that] from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince [shall be] seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

I don't understand how people could ignore this prophecy. It plainly states that from the command to rebuild Jerusalem, to the coming of the Messiah would be 483 years (69 "weeks" X 7 years per "week").

History shows that Persian king Artaxerxes Longinus son of Xerxes (thought to be the famed Ahasuerus, husband of queen Esther), decreed that the walls of Jerusalem be rebuilt in 457 B.C.

Considering that 69 "weeks" equates to 483 years, Messiah would have appeared in Jerusalem in 26 A.D. (remember, there is no "zero" year).

Evidence from Scriptures and history indicates that Yeshua ben Joseph was born in Bethlehem in Judea as prophesied sometime in September of 7 B.C. When wise men from the east traveled to Jerusalem to worship Him, Judean king Herod the Great, trying to eliminate the perceived threat to his throne ordered all the infants in the area of two years old and under slaughtered, which means that Yeshua was about two years old when this event happened.

Herod the Great died in 4 B.C., and according to David Hughes, a professional astronomer, there was a conjunction of the planets Jupiter and Saturn in September of 7 B.C. which could very well have formed the famed "Star of Bethlehem" heralding Yeshua's birth.

The New Covenant Scriptures record Yeshua as being 33 years old when He made His triumphant entry into Jerusalem just before His death on the cross, and was hailed as the Messiah by the people. Considering the numbers, He would have made His acclaimed entry into the city sometime in 26 A.D., exactly 430 years after the command to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem.

And as Daniel sadly prophesied and history records, during the 69th "week", Messiah was "cut off" (killed) but not for Himself. He was killed as the perfect sacrifice for our sins. In other words, we all killed Him, both Jew and Gentile. Our sins put Him on the cross.

The above Scripture passage shows that Messiah has indeed already come, as prophesied. And as prophesied in Daniel 9:25-26 above, Messiah was "cut off" (killed) but not for Himself, meaning He didn't die for His own sins. And as prophesied, the armies of Rome destroyed the city and the sanctuary in 70 A.D., thus fulfilling the prophecy of the 69 "weeks".

The seventieth week? That is yet to come and is covered in detail in the study on the End Times in this site. Please, read the study devoted to the End Times, as the Jewish people figure prominently in the last 7 years of God's prophetic timetable.

These prophecies and the time line given above state that Messiah has indeed come to Israel as prophesied and fulfilled His destiny as was written of Him.

But what about the promise to restore the kingdom to Israel?

Now we come to the hard part......

I have read that when the book of Isaiah is read in synagogue, some Rabbis carefully avoid reading chapter 53, because the Christians use it to prove the point of Yeshua ben Joseph being the promised Messiah, the Son of God.

Scripture records;

Isaiah 53:1-12

1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?

2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty that we should desire him.

3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

5 But he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither [was any] deceit in his mouth.

10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

12 Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Remember the prophecy of Daniel, that Messiah would be "cut off, but not for Himself". Isaiah clearly speaks of the "suffering servant", who would be the sacrifice for the sins of the world. And while some Rabbis have tried to explain that this passage speaks of Israel, Jacob did not bear our transgressions, nor did the nation of Israel bear our sins.

No mortal man is worthy before God to bear the sins of the world either, symbolized by the perfect lamb being sacrificed on the eve of the Passover feast. The lamb must be perfect, without blemish. Only the Lamb of God was perfect enough to be the perfect sacrifice for sin that was required by God for our redemption.

Bear with me for a moment, as I go on.

Historians tell of Roman punishments, one of the most brutal being that of scourging, in which the victim was repeatedly whipped with a leather whip consisting of two to nine straps. The straps were studded with bits of dumbbell shaped pieces of metal or sharp pieces of bone, and the naked victim was repeatedly lashed front and back from neck to ankles, the number of "stripes" determined by his crime.

The effect of the scourging was horrific, causing tremendous internal hemorrhaging and deep tissue damage to the victim, and many died under the scourge. Even battle-hardened Roman soldiers shuddered at the thought of suffering scourging themselves, and the very threat of the scourge was enough to enforce the rigid discipline that was characterized the Roman soldier..

The New Covenant Scriptures record that Yeshua ben Joseph was scourged at the order of Roman governor Pontius Pilate, and that he was mocked and tortured by the Roman army in the Antonia Fortress before He was sent to the cross.

The below Old Covenant Scripture also alludes to this event.

Isaiah 50:4-7

4 The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to [him that is] weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned.

5 The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back.

6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

7 For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed.

The New Covenant, also known as the New Testament, records that Yeshua ben Joseph was scourged and crucified on a Roman cross for the sins of the world. He was sent by God for this very purpose, and was the perfect sacrifice by God for sin. By obedience to the Law and His death our sins were forgiven by God, and there was no longer a need for animal sacrifices, as the perfect Lamb had been killed for our justification.

Before you turn me off, please, finish the study, then present your arguments.

If you read carefully the Scriptures below, verses 14-17 accurately describe crucifixion, in which the victims had nails driven through their hands and feet to fasten them to the cross. This never happened to king David, therefore he was prophesying of an event yet to come.

Psalms 22:1-24

1 My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? [why art thou so] far from helping me, [and from] the words of my roaring?

2 O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.

3 But thou [art] holy, [O thou] that inhabitest the praises of Israel.

4 Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.

5 They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.

6 But I [am] a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.

7 All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, [saying],

8 He trusted on the LORD [that] he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.

9 But thou [art] he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope [when I was] upon my mother's breasts.

10 I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou [art] my God from my mother's belly.

11 Be not far from me; for trouble [is] near; for [there is] none to help.

12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong [bulls] of Bashan have beset me round.

13 They gaped upon me [with] their mouths, [as] a ravening and a roaring lion.

14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.

15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.

16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

17 I may tell all my bones: they look [and] stare upon me.

18 They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.

19 But be not thou far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me.

20 Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog.

21 Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.

22 I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.

23 Ye that fear the LORD, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel.

24 For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.

Please read the following Scriptures which also indicate that Messiah would be pierced (crucified).

Isaiah 49:13-16

13 Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for the LORD hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.

14 But Zion said, The LORD hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten me.

15 Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? yea, they may forget, yet will I not forget thee.

16 Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of [my] hands; thy walls [are] continually before me.

Verse 16 is interesting, in the fact that the Lord states that He has engraved Jerusalem (Zion) upon His palms. Nails were driven through the heel of the hand during crucifixion, which in ancient days was considered part of the palm. This was done to prevent the victim from having the nails pull upward through the palms from their own weight, and the victim falling off of the cross. I will post a study on the medical aspects of the crucifixion in the near future.

King David alluded to "the pit" many times in the Psalms, "the pit" referring to Hell. God also many times refers to "the pit" as Hell also. BUT, there is an important exception here. Apparently "the pit" had two separate locations, one where sinners went to be tormented, and one where the righteous went to await their redemption.

Read the verses below, paying close attention to verse 11.

Zechariah 9:9-11

9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

10 And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion [shall be] from sea [even] to sea, and from the river [even] to the ends of the earth.

11 As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein [is] no water.

In verse 11, God states that the prisoners in the pit would be set free by the blood of the King's covenant. We know that the wicked do not come out of the pit. So what was God talking about?

First of all, the King made a covenant of blood, which set the prisoners of the pit free. Remember Isaiah 53:7-12!

Isaiah 53:7-12

7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither [was any] deceit in his mouth.

10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

12 Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Messiah's blood was offered to God as the covenant of blood required to set the prisoners free from the pit. His was the only blood worthy enough to take away the sins of Israel, and the world.

But who were the prisoners?

To answer this, I must take a quote from the New Covenant, a story told by Yeshua ben Joseph Himself to answer a question. Please, read it carefully.

Luke 16:19-31

19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:

20 And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores,

21 And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table: moreover the dogs came and licked his sores.

22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;

23 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

24 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.

25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.

26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that [would come] from thence.

27 Then he said, I pray thee therefore, father, that thou wouldest send him to my father's house:

28 For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

29 Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.

30 And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent.

31 And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.

What this is saying, is that there were two locations within "the pit" for the dead. One place for sinners, and a place of rest for the righteous. The reason for this, was that until Messiah's death as an atonement for sin, no one was worthy to enter heaven, for their sins had not been paid for!

Hang on a minute!

Now comes a really hard part.

The animal sacrifices required by the Torah could never take away sin. They were symbols and reminders of the true sacrifice to come. The sacrifices made the fathers obedient to the One who ordered the sacrifices, therefore like Abraham their obedience and belief was counted as righteousness. Remember, Abraham lived 430 years before the Torah was established.

According to the Torah God required that animal sacrifices for sin be made on the altar in the courts of His Temple. If animal sacrifices were required to take away sins, then all of the Jews who were deported to Babylon for 70 years perished without hope, as the Temple was destroyed, and the sacrifices ended.

The prophet Samuel however gives an important clue as to God's thinking, when he told king Saul after Saul's disobedience to the word of the Lord;

I Samuel 15:22-23

22 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD [as great] delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey [is] better than sacrifice, [and] to hearken than the fat of rams.

23 For rebellion [is as] the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness [is as] iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from [being] king.

God prefers obedience to His words above the sacrifices of animals! King David apparently understood this for he said, prophesying of the coming of the Messiah to Israel;

Psalms 40:6-7

6 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.

7 Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book [it is] written of me,

So if animal sacrifices are still required by God, every Jew who has died since the destruction of the Temple in 70 A.D., has died without hope of salvation.

If therefore the blood of animals could not take away sins, those who died in obedience to the Old Covenant were still sinners, and God cannot allow sinners into Heaven. Heaven is perfect, therefore anyone entering Heaven must be perfect also. The sacrifices merely deferred the sins until the One who was the perfect sacrifice could offer Himself to God, and obtain our redemption! And just as Abraham's obedience before the Torah was established was counted as righteousness before God, the obedience of Israel in offering the animal sacrifices was counted by God as righteousness.

Besides, if a perfect sacrifice needed to be offered, no animal could qualify, as all creation has been corrupted by sin and is imperfect in God's sight.

So, Messiah HAD TO DIE for the sins of the world BEFORE His return to Earth in glory! He HAD to sacrifice Himself, in order to bring us to God as sinless children! And only the blood of the Son of God was worthy to become the sacrifice required by God. Essentially God Himself took our sins within Himself and paid for our redemption.

Now, another proof that this happened, from the Old Covenant.

Psalms 16:8-11

8 I have set the LORD always before me: because [he is] at my right hand, I shall not be moved.

9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope.

10 For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

11 Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence [is] fulness of joy; at thy right hand [there are] pleasures for evermore.

Note carefully verse 10. According to the New Covenant, Messiah after His crucifixion went to Hell to pay for our sins. He had already offered Himself to God as the Passover Lamb, and had taken our sins within His flesh on the cross. And when He died, the sins died with Him. But, the consequences of our sins still had to be paid for.

Therefore He had to go to Hell, and suffer the punishment for our sins. And note carefully the speaker says that God will not allow His "Holy One to undergo decay".

It is obvious that the person speaking is dead. And yet he speaks of not decaying! As we all know, a human body decays after about 2 days after death. To be blunt, the body starts to rot.

Now, no man is worthy to be considered God's Holy One, except Messiah. So therefore it is Messiah speaking to God about not undergoing decay. And He is speaking from Hell.

David also prophesied of this event when he said;

Psalms 86:1-17

1 Bow down thine ear, O LORD, hear me: for I [am] poor and needy.

2 Preserve my soul; for I [am] holy: O thou my God, save thy servant that trusteth in thee.

3 Be merciful unto me, O Lord: for I cry unto thee daily.

4 Rejoice the soul of thy servant: for unto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul.

5 For thou, Lord, [art] good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.

6 Give ear, O LORD, unto my prayer; and attend to the voice of my supplications.

7 In the day of my trouble I will call upon thee: for thou wilt answer me.

8 Among the gods [there is] none like unto thee, O Lord; neither [are there any works] like unto thy works.

9 All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord; and shall glorify thy name.

10 For thou [art] great, and doest wondrous things: thou [art] God alone.

11 Teach me thy way, O LORD; I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to fear thy name.

12 I will praise thee, O Lord my God, with all my heart: and I will glorify thy name for evermore.

13 For great [is] thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell.

14 O God, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent [men] have sought after my soul; and have not set thee before them.

15 But thou, O Lord, [art] a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.

16 O turn unto me, and have mercy upon me; give thy strength unto thy servant, and save the son of thine handmaid.

17 Shew me a token for good; that they which hate me may see [it], and be ashamed: because thou, LORD, hast holpen me, and comforted me.

While the above Scriptures may seem an allegory, as Messiah took in Himself all of our sins, He would have had to suffer more than any sinner will ever have to suffer, therefore he would have had to go to the lowest part of the pit to suffer for our sins.

According to the Old and New Covenant Scriptures, Messiah did not undergo decay but was resurrected by the power of the Father on the third day after His death, and ascended to sit at His right hand. Remember Psalms 110:1?

Psalms 110:1

The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

In the book of Daniel, we see the reward given to Messiah for His obedience to His Father, being obedient even though it cost Him His life.

Daniel 7:13-14

13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, [one] like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.

14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed.

Daniel, considered to be one of the greatest Old Covenant prophets saw Messiah coming into His kingdom in the above Scriptures. Note that Messiah comes before the "Ancient of Days" (God the Father) and receives from Him an everlasting kingdom, and that all men will serve Him.

Again, we see a separation between God the Father and Messiah, His Son. Both are equally God, in the fact that all men will serve them, and yet the Son is receiving the kingdom from the Father, showing that the Father is greater than He.

Zechariah 12:1-14

1 The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.

2 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the people round about, when they shall be in the siege both against Judah [and] against Jerusalem.

3 And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.

4 In that day, saith the LORD, I will smite every horse with astonishment, and his rider with madness: and I will open mine eyes upon the house of Judah, and will smite every horse of the people with blindness.

5 And the governors of Judah shall say in their heart, The inhabitants of Jerusalem [shall be] my strength in the LORD of hosts their God.

6 In that day will I make the governors of Judah like an hearth of fire among the wood, and like a torch of fire in a sheaf; and they shall devour all the people round about, on the right hand and on the left: and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, [even] in Jerusalem.

7 The LORD also shall save the tents of Judah first, that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem do not magnify [themselves] against Judah.

8 In that day shall the LORD defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David [shall be] as God, as the angel of the LORD before them.

9 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.

10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for [his] only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn.

11 In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon.

12 And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart;

13 The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart;

14 All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.

Note verse 10 here! The Lord is prophesying of His return, and verse 10 states that Israel will look on Him whom they have pierced! Pierced, as in crucified! And those who see Him will realize that he is indeed the Messiah they have been waiting for, and will be in bitterness because they did not realize that he had already come to pay for their sins, and is now returning in triumphant glory as King and Lord!

We have proven from the Old Covenant Scriptures that God the Father exists and His Son sits at His right hand. We have also proven that the Son is equal with God, but lesser in stature as a son would be to his father. We have also proven that Messiah did indeed come as prophesied, and as was prophesied was rejected and killed by ancient Israel.

He was scourged, and crucified for our sins as the perfect sacrifice, and by His blood made those who were in "the pit" who died in obedience free to enter Heaven, for their sins had been paid for by His death, sins that the animal sacrifices required by the Torah could never take away.

He went to Hell, and He did not see corruption, but was resurrected from the dead, and sits at the right hand of His Father until His enemies are made his footstool.

Now, the final question concerning the Christians' worship of God. We have proven the existence of God the Father and God the Son. What about God the Holy Spirit?

Psalms 139:7-12

7 Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence?

8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou [art] there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou [art there].

9 [If] I take the wings of the morning, [and] dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea;

10 Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me.

11 If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall be light about me.

12 Yea, the darkness hideth not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light [are] both alike [to thee].

Joel 2:28-29

28 And it shall come to pass afterward, [that] I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:

29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

If God is going to pour out His Spirit on all flesh, is it impossible to believe that God the Holy Spirit exists also? And if God fills the universe and is omnipresent, is this so hard to imagine? He sits in Heaven, and has sent His Spirit among us to be with us until Messiah's enemies are made His footstool, and He is given permission by His Father to return to Earth.

Therefore we have proven from the Old Covenant that God exists in three persons, each individually God, and yet One (echad). So, the Christians do not worship three Gods, they worship the One true God, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob who has given examples of His nature in the Old Covenant, and has more openly expressed Himself in the New Covenant.

Now, some final words.

Scripture records that God promised king David that his throne would be established forever, and that his future descendant would rule from his throne forever.

2 Samuel 7:8-17

8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:

9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great [men] that [are] in the earth.

10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,

11 And as since the time that I commanded judges [to be] over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.

12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.

13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.

14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took [it] from Saul, whom I put away before thee.

16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.

Yet there is no throne in Israel today, neither does any descendant of David know that he is of the line of David. Why did God allow this? Several reasons.

First of all, David's descendant IS ruling from the throne as promised. Messiah even now sits on the right hand of the eternal throne of the Father in Heaven, ruling over His creation until His enemies be made His footstool, and He is given permission by His Father to return to Earth to rule from Jerusalem in glory.

Next, with His sacrifice there was no longer a need for animal sacrifices, as the requirement for a perfect spotless Lamb had been fulfilled. And with His sacrifice of Himself, our sins were taken away for all time, therefore the need for animal sacrifices as reminders and symbols of the true sacrifice has been removed. And also with the removal of the sacrifices, here is also no longer a need for the Temple or priesthood.

Finally, with the coming of Messiah, there was no longer a need for genealogical records, as Yeshua ben Joseph was able to prove His lineage to the line of David through whom Messiah must come. And with the destruction of the Temple, all genealogical records were destroyed so no one can now claim to be the Messiah. (This also shows that the Mormons are NOT the remnant of the 10 "lost" tribes of Israel as they claim. I have already proven that Jews from the deported 10 tribes returned with Ezra to Jerusalem).

And now comes a bitter part.

Israel of old rejected the Messiah sent to them, and refused to believe that he was the perfect sacrifice required by God for the forgiveness of sins. As a result, they continued the animal sacrifices for 44 more years which was an abomination before God the Father and an insult to Yeshua, His Son.

When Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea tried to free Yeshua after His arrest by the High Priest the people cried for Him to be crucified. And now comes the chilling part. And for this I must again quote from the New Covenant Scriptures.

Matthew 27:15-26

15 Now at [that] feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would.

16 And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas.

17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?

18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.

19 When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.

20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.

21 The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas.

22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? [They] all say unto him, Let him be crucified.

23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.

24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but [that] rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed [his] hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye [to it].

25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood [be] on us, and on our children.

26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered [him] to be crucified.

Did you read verse 25 carefully? The Jews of Yeshua's time cursed both themselves and their descendants for His murder! And because of this and their disobedience to His Son, God's wrath was poured out on the Jews in 70 A.D., and He scattered them to the four corners of the Earth because they rejected His Son whom He had sent as the sacrifice for their sins and those of the world, and continued the animal sacrifices which could never take away their sins.

And all of the persecutions that have happened throughout history from that time until now have been because of that curse laid upon all of Israel by your forebears.

The Torah and the Tenach point to Yeshua ben Joseph as being the promised Messiah, and I have proven from the Tenach that the Messiah has already come, and has fulfilled the prophecies concerning Him.

Remember, the Torah covenant was established by blood before God and before the people. The New covenant was also established before God and the people by blood. Therefore with the fulfilling of the Old Covenant sacrifices for sin by the sinless blood of Yeshua, the Old Covenant was ended, and the New Covenant was established, also by blood.

Now, you must decide. Was Yeshua ben Joseph the promised Messiah? And if He is, what does that mean to you?

Yeshua ben Joseph, the Son of God died for the sins of the world that we might be brought sinless before His Father, who requires that all who enter Heaven be perfect. He took the punishment for our sins in Himself, died in agony on a Roman cross, and went to Hell for our righteousness, as was prophesied of Him.

He died on the eve of the Passover, and like the Passover lamb, His bones were not broken. He did not see decay, being resurrected from the dead by the power of His Father on the third day, and is seated on the right hand of His Father, waiting for His enemies to be made His footstool.

He is the ONLY sacrifice that God would accept as the perfect sacrifice for sin, therefore those who die without knowing Him and have not been cleansed by His blood have no sacrifice for their sin to make them righteous before God.

Therefore, those who reject Him have chosen to pay for their own sins, and have chosen to try to make it to Heaven through their own righteousness. However, we cannot ever be righteous before God on our own. As Isaiah says;

Isaiah 64:6-7

6 But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

7 And [there is] none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, because of our iniquities.

Isaiah 53:6

6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

God allowed the destruction of the Temple to show that animal sacrifices were no longer required, and caused the genealogical records to be destroyed so that no one else can claim to be Messiah.

And by fulfilling the Old Covenant through Yeshua, God through Yeshua established the New Covenant, commonly called the New Testament.

Accepting Yeshua as the Messiah will not cause you to cease being a Jew. You were born a Jew, and you will die a Jew. Accepting Yeshua and asking Him to come into your heart and forgive you of your sins will bring you back to the relationship with God that He had originally intended. He will dwell in your heart, and after your time on Earth is through, as you will be clothed with the righteousness of His Son, He will welcome you into His Heavenly Kingdom to be with Him forever.

The choice is yours.

Will you choose to pay for your sins yourself, or will you accept the gift of eternal life through Yeshua and experience the fulfillment of the promises God made to your people?

I would like to present a challenge to you. You have nothing to lose by accepting the challenge, and everything to gain.

The challenge is this;

Read the first four books of the New Covenant, commonly called the New Testament. It details the coming of the Messiah to ancient Israel, and His life and death during that time as written by three Jewish eyewitnesses, and one diligent Gentile historian (Luke). See what the New Covenant has to offer.

Then you can choose for yourself as to whether Yeshua is the Messiah or not. But rejecting Him without reading what is written about Him is unfair to both yourself, and to Yeshua. For if you reject Him and the New Covenant without cause, or based on the hearsay of others, you are like a judge who makes a judgement based on his or her own feelings, or the hearsay of others without investigating the matter himself or herself.

Do you believe everything you are told in the news? Do you believe what our politicians tell you? Or do you find out the facts for yourself, and then make your decision based on those facts?

If you read the first four books of the New Covenant, you will see that the "Christians" who have persecuted your people have most assuredly not known the One whose teachings they claim to follow, or have twisted His teachings to serve their own ends.

Ask God to show you the truth concerning Messiah. He will not turn you away, or be angry with you for searching for the truth. And remember, God stated that Messiah would also be a light to the Gentiles as well as the Jews, so therefore the New Covenant is for both houses of humanity.

And I pray to God the Father and His Son Yeshua, that your eyes may be opened to the knowledge of the truth, and that you may see the truth of what I have written here.

And please, again, if you wish to refute what I have written here, please back up your arguments with Scripture and historical proof, as I have done. Traditions are just that, traditions. And as Samuel stated to Saul, obedience to the words of the Lord is delightful in His eyes, not obedience to corruptible traditions.

If you have questions, please understand that I do not consider any question as irrelevant. I will gladly answer any and all questions presented to me concerning this study.

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