1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2 "On the first day of the first month you shall set up the tabernacle of the tent of meeting.
3 "You shall put in it the ark of the Testimony, and partition off the ark with the veil.
4 "You shall bring in the table and arrange the things that are to be set in order on it; and you shall bring in the lamp stand and light its lamps.
5 "You shall also set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the Testimony, and put up the screen for the door of the tabernacle.
6 "Then you shall set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting.
7 "And you shall set the laver between the tabernacle of meeting and the altar, and put water in it.
8 "You shall set up the court all around, and hang up the screen at the court gate.
9 "And you shall take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle and all that is in it; and you shall hallow it and all its utensils, and it shall be holy.
10 "You shall anoint the altar of the burnt offering and all its utensils, and consecrate the altar. The altar shall be most holy.
11 "And you shall anoint the laver and its base, and consecrate it.
12 "Then you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle of meeting and wash them with water.
13 "You shall put the holy garments on Aaron, and anoint him and consecrate him, that he may minister to Me as priest.
14 "And you shall bring his sons and clothe them with tunics.
15 "You shall anoint them, as you anointed their father, that they may minister to Me as priests; for their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations."
16 Thus Moses did; according to all that the LORD had commanded him, so he did.
17 And it came to pass in the first month of the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was raised up.
18 So Moses raised up the tabernacle, fastened its sockets, set up its boards, put in its bars, and raised up its pillars.
19 And he spread out the tent over the tabernacle and put the covering of the tent on top of it, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
On the first day of the month the people were to set up the tabernacle and Moses was to anoint and
consecrate everything, including the priests.
20 He took the Testimony and put it into the ark, inserted the poles through the rings of the ark, and put the mercy seat on top of the ark.
21 And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, hung up the veil of the covering, and partitioned off the ark of the Testimony, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Moses put the stone tablets in the Ark, put the mercy seat on top and used the poles to carry the Ark into the holy of holies. Hanging the veil separated the holy place from the holy of holies.Exodus 40:22-28
22 He put the table in the tabernacle of meeting, on the north side of the tabernacle, outside the veil;
23 and he set the bread in order upon it before the LORD, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
24 He put the lamp stand in the tabernacle of meeting, across from the table, on the south side of the tabernacle;
25 and he lit the lamps before the LORD, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
26 He put the gold altar in the tabernacle of meeting in front of the veil;
27 and he burned sweet incense on it, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
28 He hung up the screen at the door of the tabernacle.
Moses sets up the holy place outside of the holy of holies.Exodus 40:29-32
29 And he put the altar of burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting, and offered upon it the burnt offering and the grain offering, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
30 He set the laver between the tabernacle of meeting and the altar, and put water there for washing;
31 and Moses, Aaron, and his sons would wash their hands and their feet with water from it.
32 Whenever they went into the tabernacle of meeting, and when they came near the altar, they washed, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
The burnt offering altar was set up, and the bowl for washing their hands and feet before entering the tabernacle. All were setup outside the tabernacle. Moses offered the first sacrifice on the altar for the Lord.Exodus 40:33
33 And he raised up the court all around the tabernacle and the altar, and hung up the screen of the court gate. So Moses finished the work.
Moses completes setting up the Lord's tabernacle.
34 Then the cloud covered the tabernacle of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
35 And Moses was not able to enter the tabernacle of meeting, because the cloud rested above it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
36 Whenever the cloud was taken up from above the tabernacle, the children of Israel would go onward in all their journeys.
37 But if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not journey till the day that it was taken up.
38 For the cloud of the LORD was above the tabernacle by day, and fire was over it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
Just like the journey from Egypt, God showed a pillar of fire at night and a pillar of cloud by day for the Israelites to follow. When He wanted the Israelites to pack up and move, the pillar would rise from the tabernacle and lead where He wanted them to camp. The Israelites were not to move unless the pillar moved.
Frequent moving would also prevent disease from sewage from the outside of the camp.