The book of JUDGES

The Tanakh lists this book as the second of the Neviim Rishonim (Early Prophets)

The book of Judges appears to have been written by Samuel during the time of King Saul, by the fact that the text frequently says, "at that time there was no king in Israel".

A "judge" in Hebrew was one that God has raised up to lead His people during the period of time between the conquest of Canaan and the Kings that ruled over Israel.

The Hebrew title "Shoftim" or "Shophetim: means judges, rulers, deliverers or saviors

The Greek title "Kritai" means "Judges"

The Latin title "Liber Judicum" means "The book of" Judges"



Some also call it the book of failures. Although the Law had been given by Moses, the people had fallen away from it's statutes. As the author of the book recorded;

Judges 21:25

25 In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

The book of Judges covers an approximate time of 400 years, ranging from the death of

Joshua to the selection of Saul as king of Israel. Samson was the last judge of Israel listed in Judges, but Samuel was the thirteenth and last judge of the nation, followed by the reigns of the kings.

Each judge was a savior, a ruler, a spiritual and political deliverer, but only Samuel was also a prophet. They were forerunners and examples of Jesus Christ as Savior, Ruler, Judge, Deliverer, Prophet and High Priest of His people.

The book of Judges was written on a thematic (theme) order instead of in chronological order, chapters 17-21 actually precede chapters 3-16. The theme being a repeating 5 point cycle of ......

1. Sin 2. Servitude 3. Supplication 4. Salvation 5. Silence

There were 12 judges mentioned in the book of Judges...........

3:7-11 Othniel

3:12-30 Ehud

3:31 Shamgar

4:1 - 5:31Deborah and Barak

6:1 - 9:57 Gideon and Abimelech

10:1-2 Tola

10:3-5 Jair

10:6 - 12:7 Jephthah

12:8-10 Ibzan

12:11-12 Elon

12:13-15 Abdon

13:1 - 16:31 Samson

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